A new study out on libertarian morality finds that, “compared to self-identified liberals and conservatives, libertarians showed 1) stronger endorsement of individual liberty as their foremost guiding principle, and weaker endorsement of all other moral principles; 2) a relatively cerebral as opposed to emotional cognitive style; and 3) lower interdependence and social relatedness.”
I’m still examining the findings, but I wanted to take a moment to raise one concern I have with the study’s methodology—a concern I find provoked by much of study co-author Jonathan Haidt’s work.
The study draws on data from YourMorals.org, “where you can learn about your own morality, ethics, and/or values, while also contributing to scientific research.” The hosted quizzes provide interesting insight into the taker’s moral views, making it a site worth visiting.
One of the first things you’ll do upon signing up is tell the system your political ideology. Are you liberal? Very liberal? Conservative? Etc. Included is an option for libertarian. This new study simply took the results of everyone who identified as libertarian and compared them to conservatives and liberals.
The trouble I see is that, when libertarians identify as libertarians and then answer questions about morality and justice, we tend to answer as libertarians. Which means, as I see it, approaching the questions a bit different than many liberals or conservatives would.
To get at what I mean, let’s take a made-up example where I’m sure libertarians will score rather differently from non-libertarians, even though they (probably) don’t mean it: Do we have a duty to help someone in immediate danger, assuming we can do so with minimal danger to ourselves?
The classic formulation of this, of course, is the drowning baby. You’re walking along when you pass a shallow stream. A baby’s laying in it, in the process of drowning. You can easily step in and pull the kid to safety, saving his life—but it’s going to mean ruining your shoes. Do you have a duty to do it?
I wager a great many libertarians, when confronted with this question—and especially after being told this is a test about morality, and probably political morality at that, because they were asked to identify their political ideology before starting—will say no. No positive duty exists to save the infant, because the infant has no right to be saved. The child has a right not to be aggressed against, true, but it has no positive right to help from third parties.
The thing is, even if this is how most libertarians will answer when they have their libertarian hat on, I’m not convinced they really mean it. Most of them, if they actually found themselves in the situation the question posits, wouldn’t hesitate to rush in and grab the baby from the water. Or, if they did hesitate, and allowed the child to drown, they’d be devastated by it. They’d be haunted by the knowledge that they let that child die and it would likely impact them every day for the rest of their lives.
In other words, they’d act just like everyone else.
What’s going on here? Framing. When the libertarian survey taker is told he’s about to answer questions about morality, and he’s been primed to think about politics, then he’s going to see every question within a political context. He’s going to assume, at some level, that the question about the drowning baby isn’t really about a drowning baby. Rather, it’s about the role of the state and, in this case, whether the state can force us to fulfill whatever positive duties we may owe to others.
Libertarians do not want a world where police and courts compel us to help each other. We see this not only as a moral wrong, but also as a law rife with ambiguity and potential for abuse. But this does not mean we think it’s okay to let babies die when saving them is as easy as stepping into a bit of water.
(I’ve taken a number of the surveys on YourMorals.org and found many of the questions to provoke just this sort of political thinking on my part. I have to assume I’m not unique on that.)
Libertarians, unlike liberals and conservatives, rarely believe that the state should get involved in every moral question. While liberals and conservatives fequently assert that if something is a clear moral wrong then the state ought to prohibit it, libertarians don’t.
The study takes this distinction to mean that libertarians simply care so much about liberty that they’re willing to sacrifice other moral concerns. While that may be true of some libertarians, I fear the authors’ methodology crowds out those for whom it is not.
View full post on Libertarianism.org
People will have becoming much more very inspiring with each other in your graduating gown. Graduating could possibly be the translation of the scholar for some seasoned as well it is very crucial that you appear your best. Maybe it’s a final time frame that you are experiencing a lot of your current great close friends but it is merely necessary that you put that they’re on the way for you to keep in mind while using the rest of the existence. You possibly can adjust your current karen millen dresses by means of getting numerous models over the traces with aspect or the leading slits hence regarding create this much more attractive.,adidasjere
Today,rfdcxhjbksduoew, karen millen dresses have been in unique colours this also generally is dependent regarding the higher education the particular one is within. throughout scenario you are adding on a vibrant colored graduating outfit,adidasjere, make certain that you put more than a soothing coloring underneath to be certain the belief that create cannot make an appearance of your graduating pics. depend on it you additionally put with fashionable boots and shoes to visit around accordingly with each other in your graduating attire. This dresses can easily be bought throughout with series retailers as well it is crucial that you order the proper dimension hence regarding reside obvious with issues. depend on it people make certain the belief that outfit can be sent sooner adequate to allow for almost any variations that is certainly recommended.
Renting a new graduating outfit can be constantly a lesser amount of costly although a lot of retailers don’t engage for you to individuals. Renting this outfit off from your current higher education gets there featuring a unique positive aspects. Plus dimension scholars typically determine this difficult to acquire a outfit this matches absolutely with the graduating time. However, there are actually very a few retailers that include these types of dresses so you just needs to determine with just about any outfit that could more shapely your current procedure form probably the most. You possibly can save with series however can be constantly safer for you to save throughout channel reseller retailers when you’ve got to use this dresses with. appear while using the a lot of latest traits with dresses and acquire the one that matches your current procedure correctly. Hats can be knowledgeable about go with this outfit as well it is crucial that you pick out just about any do not lik this matches people correctly.
Statistics: Posted by Df9adr4c — Sat Jun 30, 2012 3:05 am
View full post on opinions.caduceusx.com